|Action||Develop and implement community-based solid waste management and recycling programs in coordination with municipalities.|
Update March 2012: All of the eight municipalities comprising the San Juan Bay Estuary basin already have activated their respective recycling programs. However the effectiveness of the majority of these programs is well below recommended standards. According to data provided by the Authority of Solid Waste (Autoridad de Desperdicios Sólidos) the recycling rate in the 8 municipalities is as follows: Cataño .11%, Bayamón .80%, Loíza 1.23%, Trujillo Alto 2.35%, Guaynabo 14.56%, Toa Baja 1.73%, San Juan 2.91%, Carolina (to be determined).
The eight municipalities enclosing the San Juan Bay Estuary ecosystem are currently carrying out their bulky waste collection programs. The main problem we are dealing with is the cyclical nature of these unhealthy disposal practices. We have to develop a strategy to interrupt this cycle of inadequate waste disposal.
Currently the Península de Cantera Project along with AmeriCorps is developing a program of estuarine cleanup in Cantera. This endeavor will serve as a pilot project for the implementation of similar ventures in other areas surrounding the SJBE.
This particular undertaking is being carried out more emphatically in the areas of Barrio Obrero, Cantera and the Guaynabo municipality.
The program Barrio Obrero Recicla (Barrio Obrero Recycles) is receiving the economic support of the SJBEP trough the recruitment of a dispensed materials carrier who covers the fourteen streets within the Barrio Obrero Marina community. The leaders of the community include some collaborators of the SJBEP like Carmen Febres.
As consequence of Law # 70 implanted during 1992 the eight municipalities along the SJBE watershed regularly yield an evaluation report of the management and recycling of solid waste in their respective areas.
Update January 2010: Virtually all municipalities in the basin of the SJBE have recycling projects. Among the most ambitious is the Municipality of Guaynabo that had implemented house to house recollection. However, the indexes of recycling in the municipalities of SJBE are very low. Our Program often joins campaigns of electronics recycling materials and recycling of Christmas trees of ADS. At this time we are coordinating our support for the upcoming electronics recycling campaign of ADS, to be held in April 2010.
|AD-1.1||Assure that the eight municipalities that are part of the estuary's drainage basin develop their solid waste management and recycling plans as required by law no. 70.|
|AD-1.2||Determine specific waste management and recycling strategies for identified critical areas where large amounts of aquatic debris is found.|
|AD-1.3||Launch an educational campaign stressing the importance of the SJBE system and the need to establish and support effective solid waste management and recycling initiatives as a step to restore the quality and health of the local environment and the estuary as a whole.|
|AD-1.4||Meet with community members and local government representatives to identify leaders willing to organize a waste management and recycling program. In communities where programs already have been established, meet with program representatives to assess the need for additional support|
|AD-1.5||Assist and support local communities in the development of waste management and recycling programs designed to meet their particular needs.|
|AD-1.6||Conduct regular monitoring and evaluation of the ongoing waste management and recycling activities in each community|
|Date Created||08 Feb 2006|
|Last Update||12 March 2012|
|Action||Continue to implement the action plan demonstration project (APDP) developed in Piñones, Loíza|
Update March, 2012: In 2011 we submitted a proposal to the Solid Waste Authority to create a plastic recycling project in the Piñones area but was not approved by the Solid Waste Authority. The proposal included PAE plastics collected from the plastic crushing machine that we were going to buy to make pellets and creating final products with this plastic, by injection. JAL Plastics was the company that would work with the production of plastic end products, but the proposal was not approved by problems of ownership. Who would have ownership of the machine?, was a problem we had if we asked for funds, because we had to have the machine. JAL Plastics, then had some situations, where it is not approved funding to JAL Plastics and the community had no room to place the machine as it was a big industrial machine then those were the main problems we had. Anyway, we are waiting for the year 2011-12 restart talks to create an alternative to recycling because Piñones is one of the areas of increased discarding of materials to the streets and water areas in the metro area by the number of businesses and kiosks there. A major problem is the disposal of plastic over everything.
Update January 2011: As part of our 2011 fiscal year work plan the SJBEP is exploring the possibility of including a recycling campaign in our budget for the Piñones community in Loíza.
|AD-2.2||Develop a guidebook that can serve as a reference tool for communities that wish to develop similar waste management programs.|
|AD-2.3||Study the feasibility of developing a self-sufficient community recycling center in the community of piñones.|
|AD-2.4||If feasible, assist and support the development of the community recycling center.|
|Date Created||08 Feb 2006|
|Last Update||15 Mar 2012|
|Action||Conduct periodic aquatic debris clean-up activities as suggested SJBE locations|
Update March, 2012: The SJBEP frequently carries coastal cleanup activities in different parts of the SJBE such as Palo Seco, La Esperanza, Piñones and Isla de Cabras. In January 2011 we completed our most recent coastal cleanup in Isla de Cabras in the Western side of the San Juan Bay. The Port Authority collects aquatic debris from piers in Old San Juan and the San Juan Bay.
The SJBEP is frequently carrying out a series of educational campaigns in the media. The aim of these pubic service campaigns is to effectively increase public awareness regarding the natural and recreational value of the San Juan Bay Estuary. In 2009-2010 the Program received an average of $750,000 worth of free airtime in the media.
In January 2011 we completed a coastal cleanup in Isla de Cabras in the Western side of the San Juan Bay.
Update January 2010: The SJBEP conducts ongoing cleanup activities in the San Juan Bay watershed area. Among the latest is a beach cleaning activity at Escambrón beach in SJ with SJBE volunteers and employees of the Caribe Hilton Hotel in October 2009. One of the most attractive activities for our volunteers is the cleanup of the island La Esperanza in Cataño, we are coordinating the 4th annual cleaning of the island, to be held in June 2010.
|AD-4.2||Organize aquatic debris clean-up events at suggested sjbe sites. Encourage and support local groups of volunteers with their own independently organized clean-ups at sjbe locations.|
|Date Created||16 Feb 2006|
|Last Update||17 March 2012|
|Action||Continue the annual aquatic debris clean-up event held in Islote de la Guachinanga.|
Update March, 2012: The amount of garbage and sediment built up in the Islote de la Guachinanga is obstructing the flow of water in the Western axis of the San José Lagoon. As part of a collaborative agreement both the SJBEP and the Península de Cantera Project will invest an average of $200,000 to dredge the channel that currently connects the Islote de la Guachinanga to the Cantera Peninsula in order to improve its water quality. Every year the Cantera community carries out the Festival de la Guachinanga. The San Juan Estuary Program EPA funds requested and approved a total of $ 110,000 to dredging the Islote de la Guachinanga, because at this point, cleaning is not enough. The community did the process of cleaning the Islote de la Guachinanga, for at least 15 years. The discharge of sediment reaching the Quebrada Juan Mendez, who is there right next to the Islote de la Guachinanga, has been deposited over the years and we are already at the level of need dredging. There are problems of sediment, aquatic weed problems and garbage. We have reached a time when the Islote de la Guachinanga Cantera has joined with sediment and debris and aquatic weeds and this has resulted in the growth of mangrove trees and are joining the Islote de la Guachinanga to Cantera. This has created an easement that gives access to feral cats, dogs, also rats that have been mostly eating the eggs of birds. Finished with the colonies of herons that were in the Islote de la Guachinanga among other species. This year we signed a collaborative agreement in 2012 specifically between the DNR, Cantera Peninsula Project and San Juan Bay Estuary Program, where Cantera and SJBE Program has placed funds. The community located $ 110,000 in state funding for the project and the Estuary Program $ 110,000. We have a total of $ 220,000 that is going to be investing in that project. In March 2012, we expect to open the "request for proposals" to carry out this project. The project has three components: the removal of aquatic weeds, the education component, we will be educational panels and installing the dredging component. A small dredging but the idea is to separate the Islote de la Guachinanga.
The SJBEP also provides educational material to the neighborhood council for the festival.
Update January 2010: On 15 December 2009 the Office of the Governor of Puerto Rico informed the SJBEP the approval of $200,000 to perform an aquatic debris clean up project in the area near the Guachinanga island and in the mouth of the Caño Martín Peña. The SJBEP must identify $100,000 in matching funds.
|AD-3.2||Assist the neighbors council of cantera in the organization and operation of its annual clean-up event. The council welcomes assistance in different areas, such as securing sponsors for the event and ensuring participation by local volunteer groups|
|Date Created||09 Feb 2006|
|Last Update||15 March 2012|
|Action||Establish Solid Waste Pollution Prevention Pilot Programs at different SJBE locations|
Update March, 2012: The P2 exists there and the Solid Waste Authority have concentrated on a few pilot projects in various hotels in the metropolitan area and the island to minimize their impact. They promote water reuse, recycling projects, management oil, that's basically what the P2 project mostly is in hotels and restaurants on the Island and the majority in the metro area. Basically an average of 10 in the Island. We have a partnership with the Caribe Hilton and do activities, as cleanups. They have won awards worldwide for its recycling projects and environmental awareness. We are working on the assessment of the impact of any of these practices in the estuary system in the San Juan Bay.
Update Jan, 2010: The Executive Director of the SJBEP worked from 1995 until 2009 in the Board of Directors of Business and Industry Pro Recycling (ICPRO), in the development of projects geared towards solid waste pollution prevention, with emphasis in the SJBE
|Date Created||16 Feb 2006|
|Last Update||17 March 2012|
|AD-5.1||Gather data about waste minimization, reuse, recycling and disposal practices at chosen sites|
|AD-5.2||Evaluate the impact, if any, of these practices on the sjbe system.|
|AD-5.3||Assist entities in conducting self-assessments to identify methods for voluntarily minimizing solid waste generation and disposing of waste in a cost-effective manner.|
|AD-5.4||Conduct routine inspections to monitor the effectiveness of p2 pilot program.|
|AD-5.5||Maintain detailed records of all the data collected, recommendations provided, and changes in operational practices in order to develop resource guides|
|AD-5.6||Evaluate and create incentives to compel future voluntary compliance in the business, industry, and agricultural sectors.|