Chapter 1 - Introduction

This Comprehensive Conservation and Management Plan(CCMP) contains information about the overall health of the San Juan Bay Estuary (SJBE) as well as proposed solutions to identified problems. These solutions, or Action Plans, are the result of a more than 4-year process of consensus-building among agency representatives, scientists, citizens, business, and industry. As part of this process, a public opinion poll was conducted in 1995 by the SJBE Program to obtain information on the public's perception of environmental problems and priorities. A series of technical studies were conducted to collect environmental data and refine the existing knowledge base about estuary problems. Hundreds of meetings have been held within the formal structure of the program as well as in neighborhood gatherings.

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 Chapter 2 - The State of the Estuary

An estuary is a costal areawhere fresh water flowing from rivers and streams mixes with salt water in the ocean, bays, lagoons, and channels. The San Juan Bay Estuary (SJBE) system includes San Juan Bay, the Condado Lagoon, the San José Lagoon, Los Corozos Lagoon, La Torrecilla Lagoon, and the Piñones Lagoon, as well as the interconnecting Martín Peña and San Antonio Channels and the Suárez Canal. (See Figure 2.) Fresh water flows into the system from the creeks and rivers in the watershed, including the Puerto Nuevo River, Juan Méndez Creek, San Antón Creek, Blasina Creek, and the Malaria Canal. During extreme flood events, fresh water is also received from the Río Grande de Loíza. Ocean water enters the system through three openings: Boca del Morro, El Boquerón at the Condado Lagoon, and Boca de Cangrejos.

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 Chapter 3 - Water and Sediment Quality Action Plan

Objective: Eliminate direct and indirect sewage discharges to the various canals and lagoons of the San Juan Bay Estuary to reduce nutrient and pathogen loadings and increase human uses of estuarine waters.

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 Chapter 4 - Habitat, Fish and Wildlife Action Plan

Objectives:1. Preserve and restore ecologically important habitat. 2. Protect species relative abundance and diversity. 3. Enhance economically valuable fisheries resources and ensure their sustainability..

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 Chapter 5 - Aquatic Debris Action Plan

Objectives:1. Significantly reduce the amount of aquatic debris that reaches all estuarine waters. 2. Develop, promote, and implement voluntary compliance and pollution prevention initiatives. 3. Strengthen the enforcement of littering laws and regulations.

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 Chapter 6 - Public Education and Involvement

Objective:Increase the public's awareness of the estuary's functions and values.

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 Chapter 7 - Implementing and Funding the SJBE Management Plan

The San Juan Bay Estuary(SJBE) Program is unique among the existing 28 national estuary programs (NEPs) in the United States. It is the only NEP located in a densely populated, intensely industrialized, highly developed, and ecologically sensitive tropical island. Also, since San Juan, Puerto Rico is the oldest city within the United States, its historical and archeological features have immense social and cultural value. These diverse characteristics present a true challenge and an exciting opportunity of paramount importance for estuarine conservation and management in the western hemisphere.

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 Chapter 8 - Federal Consistency Review

A key element in the successfulimplementation of the Management Plan is that federal assistance programs are compatible with the Plan's goals and objectives. Recognizing the need to coordinate among federal government programs and the national estuary programs (NEPs), Congress, under Section 320(b), requires that each NEP review federal financial assistance programs and development projects to determine if these are consistent with the Management Plan.

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Appendices  » download files

Apendice B- Siglas y abreviaturas
Apendice C- Glosario
Apendice D- Referencias
Apendice E- Miembros de la conferencia de manejo
Apendice F- Algunas enfermedades relacionadas con las descargas sanitarias en aguas superficiales
Apendice G- Sustancias tóxicas más abundantes encontradas en los sedimentos del EBSJ
Apendice H- Tablas sinópticas de los planes de acción
Apendice J- Resumen de las respuestas a los comentarios del público y las agencias sobre el borrador del CCMP y otras actividades de participación pública
Apendice K- Estudios técnicos y proyectos demostrativos patrocinados por el programa
Figura 1- Estructura de la conferencia de manejo del programa de EBSJ
Figura 5- Concentraciones de PCB, Dieltrin y DDT. . .
Figura 6- Concentraciones de plomo, mercúrio y arcénico. . .